Empowering Women is Key to Afghanistan’s Reconstruction

Girls Receive Books in Wardak Province, Afghanistan, March 2006

Note about this post: I wrote this for the Feb. 2007 issue of the Apalachee Tortoise (Tallahassee, Fla.). Although I’m re-posting this in Sept. 2015, my 2006, ten-day trip to Kabul still haunts me. Things have significantly changed since my visit and I’m not sure if hope still exists. I’ve entertained the idea of returning to Kabul in 2016, 10 years after my initial visit, but based on what I’ve heard, it’s not as stable as when I initially visited. This essay should be read with the fact this is based on my 2006 trip.

 Girls Receive Books in Wardak Province, Afghanistan, March 2006
Girls Receive Books in Wardak Province, Afghanistan, March 2006

“Afghanistan will haunt you.” When these words were repeated during my 10-day visit to Kabul, I didn’t understand the meaning. A year later, I still struggle to comprehend the trip as images of Afghanistan haunt me.

I’m not in the military nor do I work for the government. I’m an average American citizen believing in an equitable global community. Opportunity led me on a small delegation to learn how women are making change in a post-Taliban society last March. Global Exchange, a human rights organization, coordinated the trip.

Upon returning home, I see my world differently and relate it to my Afghanistan experience. Most memories are triggered upon seeing American teenagers and knowing they have optimistic futures.

Dr. Roshanak Wardak, Provincial Governor of Wardak, Trip to Afghanistan with a Global Exchange Reality Tour, March 2006
Dr. Roshanak Wardak, Provincial Governor of Wardak, Trip to Afghanistan with a Global Exchange Reality Tour, March 2006

I recall the day visiting a school supported by Afghans4Tomorrow.

Someone believing girls should not attend school attempted to burn it down a month prior. Walking the scorched hallway to distribute books, Dr. Roshanak Wardak, Provincial Governor of Wardak, proclaimed, “If they try to burn my school down 100 times, I will rebuild it 101 times.”

Excitement was in the air when we reached a classroom. Girls crowded around us to receive their brand new textbooks. Their eyes were bright and smiles wide.

This scene would have not played out between 1996 and 2001 while the Taliban were in power. During that time, women were forbidden to work and could not be seen. Girls could not be educated. The Taliban mandated women to wear burqas, a large, shapeless covering hiding the entire body. A narrow webbed area provides limited vision. Women were publicly beaten if they exposed any part of their skin, even an ankle.

Burqas in Kabul - Trip to Afghanistan with a Global Exchange Reality Tour, March 2006
Burqas in Kabul – Trip to Afghanistan with a Global Exchange Reality Tour, March 2006

Afghanistan’s government has launched a plan to advance the status of women and education is the key to the country’s success. The Taliban relied on ignorance and illiteracy to remain powerful. They misused the Qur’an to enforce laws, saying it mandated women to be hidden. With most of the country illiterate, not many could challenge what they were told. Educated women successfully challenged the Taliban. While sitting on her cousin’s living room floor, Wardak said, “I told them [Taliban], show me where it says in the Qur’an I need to wear a burqa. I will wear seven burqas if you can show me.”

Respecting Islam, the only covering she wore was a head scarf and claims never wearing a burqa.

Clothing Designer Sara Afghan in Kaubl, Afghanistan, March 2006
Clothing Designer Sara Afghan in Kaubl, Afghanistan, March 2006

Empowerment evolves from education. I witnessed an example of education’s success at the Oasis Salon, owned by Debbie Rodriguez, an American woman who ended up in Kabul during the U.S.-led war. She and other Westerners founded the Beauty School of Kabul and wrote a book about the experience.

The Beauty School is supported by fundraising and donations throughout the world. Each student (women only) attends the school for three months on a full-scholarship. Upon graduation, she receives a kit with the tools she needs to work. Students and graduates train and work at Debbie’s salon. It may seem frivolous to care about hairstyles while the wore-torn country is struggling to survive, but a hairdresser makes cash gratuities. Her husband does not know how much money she is earning. As a result, husbands have learned if they want the money, they need to respect their wives.

Girl Holding Koran in Kabul, March 2006
Girl Holding Koran in Kabul, March 2006

The Taliban are no longer in power and women are no longer required by law to wear a burqa, yet, Kabul’s dusty streets are dotted with blue, flowing burqas. A memento of my trip is a used burqa. I hope it belonged to a woman who was confident to live without it, akin to the women of the 1960s burning their bras.

I pass along a message from the people of Kabul. They asked me to share this with you and our government: “We don’t want to be forgotten.”

I ask, will you forget?

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Jenn

Jennifer A. Huber is an award-winning travel and outdoor blogger and writer in Southwest Florida. Originally from Buffalo, N.Y., a hiking trail led her to a career path in the tourism industry for more than 30 years. She spent a decade with a park management company in Yellowstone, Death Valley, and Everglades National Parks. She founded the travel blog, SoloTravelGirl.com with the goal of inspiring others to travel alone, not lonely. The unexpected death of her former husband in 2008 reminded her how short life is. His passing was a catalyst for sharing her experiences with the goal of inspiring and empowering others to travel solo. Jennifer holds a Travel Marketing Professional certification from the Southeast Tourism Society, is a certified food judge, member of the NASA Social community, and alum of the FBI Citizens Academy. When not traveling, she is either in the kitchen, practicing her photography skills, or road tripping with her dog, Radcliff.

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